Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence by ship or boat-borne attackers upon another ship or a coastal area, typically with the goal of stealing cargo and other valuable goods. Those who conduct acts of piracy are called pirates, while the dedicated ships that pirates use are called pirate ships.
The word “pirate” is rooted in the Greek language and means “to seek one’s fortune”. Piracy has been known since ancient times. However, the pirates of the New Age were most famous. Starting from the XVI century, sea communications lengthened more and more, and the values transported along them increased. This led to the emergence of a large number of people wishing to profit at someone else’s expense in areas of busy shipping. Pirates are featured in many adventure literature and feature films. With the development of the military fleets of the metropolises, starting from the middle of the XVII century, piracy gradually decreased and by the XIX century it almost disappeared en masse.